Aromatherapy – what is it? Principles and methods of aromatherapy
Aromatherapy is an ancient science about the valuable properties of essential oils, their beneficial effects on the appearance and internal state of a person. Until the twentieth century, people did not know what aromatherapy was – this concept appeared only in 1928 thanks to the French perfumer R. M. Gattfoss. Nevertheless, people used the useful properties of aroma oils as early as 6000 years ago.
Natural essential oils contain hundreds of valuable components-chemicals used by plants to attract pollinating insects, protect them from diseases, hypothermia, and other negative factors. Most essential oils are natural antiseptics with bactericidal and anti-inflammatory effects. According to the effect on the human body, aroma oils are classified into:
Each oil combines several basic functions and is widely used in the care of skin, nails and hair. Also, aroma oils have a beneficial effect on the emotions, mood and well-being of people. But do not consider aromatherapy as a method of psychotherapy, a medical service, or a substitute for traditional treatment. It is advisable to use essential oils only in addition to the main therapy, and not instead of it.
Principles of aromatherapy
There are 3 principles of aromatherapy:
An integrated approach that takes into account the relationship of processes at different levels. The key role is given to peace of mind and peace of mind. Relaxing aroma oils help to achieve it. They are added to the massage tools that are used in oil burner and while taking baths.
The principle of individuality. People react differently to the aromas of plants, and this must be taken into account when choosing essential oils. It is especially important to make sure that there are no allergic reactions to the selected aroma oils. If the smell of any of them irritates, causes unpleasant associations, discomfort or dizziness, its use should be abandoned.
The principle of dosing. An important condition for a successful aromatherapy session is the correct dosage choice. In small doses, aromatic oils have a stimulating effect, and in large doses they can slow down important processes in the body. There are several options for changing the dosage:
Initially, aroma oils are used in small doses-2-4 drops per session. By 4-5 procedures, the dosage increases to an average level-4-8 drops, and 2-3 sessions are held. At the final stage, it decreases by 1-3 drops. This method provides a gentle adaptation to the aroma oil or aromatic composition.
Initially, high doses of 8-15 drops are used for 2-5 procedures, and then they gradually decrease. This technique is used to get a quick result.
The dosage is constantly kept at an average level-4-8 drops. This method is best used for prevention purposes.
Methods of aromatherapy
The methods used in aromatherapy involve exposure to essential oils through the olfactory analyzer and respiratory organs, skin and mucous membranes. Many methods provide a complex effect, for example, with aroma massage – through the skin and sense of smell. In SPAS and home aromatherapy different methods of exposure are possible:
Through the sense of smell and respiratory organs – inhalation. Aroma medallions, inhalation from a bottle, handkerchief, pillow. Use of aroma lamps, inhalers, aroma smokers, fireplaces, baths, saunas.
Through the skin – baths, compresses, aroma massage, rubbing (in combination with base oil), enrichment of cosmetic products with aroma oils.
Through the mucous membranes-mouth and throat rinsing, tamponade, etc.
The effectiveness and safety of aromatherapy for a particular person largely depends on the correct choice of the method of exposure. It is important to take into account the individual characteristics of the body, existing diseases, age, General health, tendency to allergic reactions, the purpose of the course of aromatherapy and other factors. The chosen method of exposure should be comfortable and pleasant for the person.
Read our previous article about the purpose, composition and methods of using bubbling bath bombs.