The skin is the largest organ of the human body. It protects the body from bacteria and viruses, shock, friction, temperature changes, allergens, and negative environmental effects. It is also involved in the synthesis of vitamin D and is an organ of touch.
The skin is exposed to huge loads every day. Most of all” gets ” the face, because it, unlike other parts of the body, can not be protected by clothing. Therefore, the skin must be taken care of at any age. This will preserve not only its health, but also its aesthetic appearance. If she is naturally flawless, proper care will support her condition. The quality of problem skin can be significantly improved by taking care of it on a daily basis.
Of course, for maximum effect, you need the help of a professional-cleaning, caring, rejuvenating activities. To do this, you can contact the Clinic to an experienced cosmetologist who will carefully study the condition of your skin, direct you to the necessary studies and select the optimal procedures based on their results. However, home facial care is still necessary – it will help maintain the result.
There are 4 types of skin:
Normal – medium thickness and density, has an even color, is tolerant of temperature changes and other negative environmental influences, is not prone to the development of inflammation, does not have a greasy Shine, small pores.
Dry – thin, matte, has increased sensitivity, often dries up, as the activity of the sebaceous glands is small, often flakes and is irritated, signs of aging in some cases appear after 25 years.
Fat – dense, thick, with enlarged pores and increased sebum production, often has a greasy Shine, is prone to comedones (black dots and white closed cystic formations) and acne, but it looks young longer than other types.
Combined – combines 2 types at once, for example, in some areas fat (dry), in others normal.
Normal skin needs standard cleansing, toning, hydration and nutrition. Dry skin needs more moisture and nutrition than other types. Means for it should be chosen soft, non-irritating. With oily skin, it is important to pay great attention to cleansing and matting. To do this, you need to use weekly masks, for example, on clay bases – they narrow the pores, remove greasy Shine, and provide additional cleansing. At the combined skin it is necessary to combine skin care products. If dry areas are observed, an additional moisturizer is applied to them. On fat-mattifying. If inflammation occurs, antibacterial and drying agents are used pointwise.
General rules and stages of care
Each type of skin needs an individual approach. However, there are rules that apply equally to all types. Daily skin care should consist of the following steps:
- Hydration and nutrition.
Skin cleansing is performed twice a day. The evening treatment will free the skin from dirt and remove makeup. At night, tissue regeneration is performed. Cell division occurs 8 times faster than during the day. Sweat accumulates on the surface of the skin, which contains toxins. It also needs to be washed off.
Morning cleansing consists of washing with a mild detergent: foam or gel. Don’t use soap, it dries your skin! In the evening, you must first treat your face with a cotton sponge with cleansing milk, two-phase lotion or micellar water (even if you do not wear makeup), and then wash your face.
Important! During washing, pay attention not only to the face, but also to the neck. After water treatments, the skin is not wiped, but gently blotted with a towel, reducing the risk of microtraumas and sprains. The face should remain slightly moist – this will facilitate the penetration of tonic into it.
Many people skip this stage, considering it optional. In fact, the tonic removes the remnants of dirt, restores the acid-base balance of the skin and prepares it for the effects of the cream: moisturizing and nourishing products will “work” more effectively. Tonic is applied to a cotton sponge and rubbed them slightly wet face along the massage lines, not forgetting about the neck. Also, such products are produced in the form of sprays. This product is sprayed on the skin of the face and neck, massage with the fingertips, and then remove the remaining spray with a dry sponge.
Help! Toning the skin is necessary in the same way as washing – day and evening.
Hydration and nutrition
Skin of any type needs both moisture and nutrition. Most of the nutrients and fluids it receives from the inside of the body. However, it is necessary to influence it from the outside.
Help! Most cosmetics intended for home care do not penetrate the skin beyond the epidermis (the top layer). This does not mean that creams are absolutely useless, and you need to stop using them. Acting in the upper layers of the skin, they accelerate the regeneration process, protect the skin from the negative effects of the environment, and slow down the aging process. However, the existing wrinkles will not get rid of, except that they will make them less noticeable. Professional cosmetic procedures such as biorevitalization, mesotherapy, injections of hyaluronic acid and botulinum toxin – based drugs successfully cope with the signs of aging that have already appeared.
A dry cover can be neither healthy nor beautiful. After all, the skin is 72% water. As a barrier organ, it is the first to experience a lack of water in the body. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the amount of liquid consumed. Clean water (excluding tea, coffee, juices, soups, etc.) should be drunk daily about 1.5-2 liters.
Provides moisture to the skin:
Improvement of blood microcirculation, which improves the complexion.
High-quality outflow of lymph, which avoids the occurrence of edema.
Assimilation of nutrients-water acts as a” conductor”, and nutrients are absorbed only when the normal content of fluid in the tissues.
Normalization of metabolic processes – the liquid is a direct participant in them.
Activation of all skin functions, including the synthesis of collagen and elastin, necessary for skin firmness and elasticity.
In addition to the correct drinking regime, you need to use high-quality moisturizers. It is quite common to believe that oily skin does not need to be moisturized. However, this is not so – it needs it no less than other skin types.
The most effective moisturizing substances contained in the creams, are:
- Hyaluronic acid.
- Extracts of medicinal plants and seaweed.
Important! Some people refuse to moisturize their face in the cold, because they are afraid that the liquid from the cream applied before leaving the house will freeze in the cold, which will lead to cracks on the skin. In fact the liquid from the cosmetic products penetrate quickly into the skin and warms up to temperature. In winter, you can not give up moisturizers. At this time of year, the skin needs them even more than in summer, because due to temperature changes when leaving a warm room on a cold street, it quickly loses moisture.
Nutrients provide the skin with:
- Regeneration: without enough nutrients, this process slows down significantly.
- Protection – when using nutritious cosmetics, a film is formed on the surface of the skin,
- protecting it from the negative effects of the environment.
- Rapid elimination of toxins.
- Aesthetic appearance.
Essential skin nutrients contained in cosmetic products are:
Vitamins (A, E, C, group B) and minerals.
Lipids, omega-fatty acids.
Essential oils containing a variety of biologically active substances.
Help! If you use two different products, then it is better to apply a moisturizer in the morning, and a nutritious one in the evening. Nowadays, “2 in 1″ creams are produced that provide the skin with high-quality hydration and nutrition at the same time. This product can be applied both in the morning and in the evening.
Choose a cream by skin type is recommended not only according to the labels on the products, but also after consulting with a cosmetologist. Manufacturers of creams and serums are focused on the” average ” buyer. The cosmetologist will take into account all individual nuances when selecting the products.
The cream is applied to the skin according to certain rules:
- In the morning, an hour before leaving the house, in the evening-an hour before bedtime.
- Before applying to the face, the cream is warmed in the hands to body temperature – so it will have a more active effect.
- The product is applied to the skin of the face and neck, bypassing the area around the eyes (special products are intended for these areas).
- If there is excess cream on the face after 20 minutes, remove it with a paper napkin.
- The product intended for the eye area is applied with the ring fingers. They exert the least pressure on the skin, which reduces the risk of stretching the cover.
Advice! It is recommended to choose day creams with SPF-factor, because increased exposure to ultraviolet light accelerates the aging process. Protect your skin from the sun even in autumn and winter.
it has the necessary effect due to the acid content.
Contrary to popular belief, daily use of decorative cosmetics does not harm the skin and does not accelerate its aging. Modern makeup products, on the contrary, provide additional care, as they contain nutrients. However, decorative products are safe only when used correctly:
They should be applied to clean prepared skin (after cleansing, toning, moisturizing).
In the evening, make-up must be removed, because if it is left overnight, cosmetics, mixed with sebum and dirt, can clog the pores and provoke the development of inflammation.
The textures of decorative products are selected depending on the type of skin:
For dry use liquid and creamy products.
For oily use dry powdery products-ideal mineral powdery cosmetics.
Important! Skin care also includes timely washing of makeup brushes. Otherwise, they will accumulate bacteria that will provoke the development of inflammation on the face.
The following rules will help to preserve the beauty and health of the skin:
When taking a shower or bath and washing, you should not use hot or cold, but warm water: hot water leads to the expansion of pores and the development of dryness, and cold water leads to narrowing of blood vessels and deterioration of blood microcirculation.
Never squeeze out comedones and pimples yourself – this way you can introduce an infection into the skin and cause the development of scars.
Regularly clean devices that come into contact with the skin of the face, such as a smartphone.
Change pillowcases frequently to avoid skin contamination during sleep.
It is advisable to sleep on your back, on a low pillow-to avoid the appearance of a second chin, folds on the neck.
No amount of facial care will be effective enough for the wrong lifestyle. Therefore, to achieve maximum results, you should follow the following recommendations:
Give up bad habits. Frequent alcohol consumption negatively affects the blood supply to the skin, which means that its hydration and nutrition suffer. Smoking also has the same effect, in addition, tobacco smoke destroys collagen and elastin, which is fraught with premature signs of aging.
Eat right, including a large number of vegetables and fruits in your diet, making sure that the body receives enough unsaturated omega-3 fatty acids and limiting the use of fast carbohydrates, sugar (they can speed up the process of skin aging). Vegetables and fruits contain antioxidants that slow down aging. These products also improve the complexion, promote hydration and smoothness of the skin. Omega-3 fats that promote skin elasticity are found in oily fish (mackerel, sardines, salmon), walnuts, and beef.
Take at least 7-9 hours of sleep a day. Lack of sleep affects the skin color-it becomes earthy, and dark circles or bags under the eyes may also occur.
Try to avoid stress. We can’t influence the number of stressful situations in life, but ways to change our response to them. Walking in the fresh air, breathing exercises, yoga and meditation will help you respond more calmly to negative events.
Get physically active at least a few days a week. It improves blood circulation, helps remove toxins, and helps relieve stress.
Of course, the concept of a healthy lifestyle includes timely treatment of any diseases, many of which affect the quality and appearance of the skin. If you have alarming symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor, and it is better to visit him annually for prevention.